The Tokyo National Museum (東京国立博物館, Tōkyō Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan) is the oldest and largest national museum in Japan.
Located in Ueno Park in the Taito district of Tokyo, the museum was established in 1872 and is dedicated to the preservation, display, and research of Japanese and Asian art, culture, and history.
The museum complex consists of several buildings, each housing specific types of exhibits:
- Honkan (Japanese Gallery): The main building of the museum showcases Japanese art and artifacts, including sculptures, ceramics, calligraphy, textiles, and samurai armor. It also displays ancient Japanese artwork, such as paintings, scrolls, and Buddhist statues.
- Tōyōkan (Asian Gallery): This building focuses on the art and culture of other Asian countries, including China, Korea, Southeast Asia, India, and Central Asia. The exhibits cover a wide range of items, such as pottery, paintings, sculptures, and textiles.
- Hyōkeikan: This historic building, designed in the Western architectural style, is mainly used for special exhibitions and events.
- Heiseikan: This building hosts special thematic exhibitions, as well as the Japanese Archaeological Gallery, which features artifacts from Japan’s prehistoric Jōmon period to the late Kofun period.
- Hōryū-ji Homotsukan (The Gallery of Hōryū-ji Treasures): This gallery holds a collection of over 300 treasures, including Buddhist statues, masks, and scriptures, donated by Hōryū-ji Temple in Nara.
- Kuroda Memorial Hall: This hall is dedicated to the works of Kuroda Seiki, a prominent Western-style Japanese painter.
Along with its vast collections, the Tokyo National Museum also has a research center, a conservation center, and a library.
The museum’s beautiful garden, teahouses, and souvenir shops offer visitors a chance to relax and enjoy the tranquil surroundings.
The Tokyo National Museum is just a short walk from Ueno Station, and a visit to the museum is highly recommended for anyone interested in Japanese art, history, and culture.